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udns_init.c

/* $Id: udns_init.c,v 1.6 2007/01/08 00:41:38 mjt Exp $
   resolver initialisation stuff

   Copyright (C) 2006  Michael Tokarev <mjt@corpit.ru>
   This file is part of UDNS library, an async DNS stub resolver.

   This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with this library, in file named COPYING.LGPL; if not,
   write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place,
   Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

 */

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
# include "config.h"
#endif
#ifdef WINDOWS
# include <winsock2.h>          /* includes <windows.h> */
# include <iphlpapi.h>        /* for dns server addresses etc */
#else
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <unistd.h>
# include <fcntl.h>
#endif      /* !WINDOWS */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "udns.h"

#define ISSPACE(x) (x == ' ' || x == '\t' || x == '\r' || x == '\n')

static const char space[] = " \t\r\n";

static void dns_set_serv_internal(struct dns_ctx *ctx, char *serv) {
  dns_add_serv(ctx, NULL);
  for(serv = strtok(serv, space); serv; serv = strtok(NULL, space))
    dns_add_serv(ctx, serv);
}

static void dns_set_srch_internal(struct dns_ctx *ctx, char *srch) {
  dns_add_srch(ctx, NULL);
  for(srch = strtok(srch, space); srch; srch = strtok(NULL, space))
    dns_add_srch(ctx, srch);
}

#ifdef WINDOWS

#ifndef NO_IPHLPAPI
/* Apparently, some systems does not have proper headers for IPHLPAIP to work.
 * The best is to upgrade headers, but here's another, ugly workaround for
 * this: compile with -DNO_IPHLPAPI.
 */

typedef DWORD (WINAPI *GetAdaptersAddressesFunc)(
  ULONG Family, DWORD Flags, PVOID Reserved,
  PIP_ADAPTER_ADDRESSES pAdapterAddresses,
  PULONG pOutBufLen);

static int dns_initns_iphlpapi(struct dns_ctx *ctx) {
  HANDLE h_iphlpapi;
  GetAdaptersAddressesFunc pfnGetAdAddrs;
  PIP_ADAPTER_ADDRESSES pAddr, pAddrBuf;
  PIP_ADAPTER_DNS_SERVER_ADDRESS pDnsAddr;
  ULONG ulOutBufLen;
  DWORD dwRetVal;
  int ret = -1;

  h_iphlpapi = LoadLibrary("iphlpapi.dll");
  if (!h_iphlpapi)
    return -1;
  pfnGetAdAddrs = (GetAdaptersAddressesFunc)
    GetProcAddress(h_iphlpapi, "GetAdaptersAddresses");
  if (!pfnGetAdAddrs) goto freelib;
  ulOutBufLen = 0;
  dwRetVal = pfnGetAdAddrs(AF_UNSPEC, 0, NULL, NULL, &ulOutBufLen);
  if (dwRetVal != ERROR_BUFFER_OVERFLOW) goto freelib;
  pAddrBuf = malloc(ulOutBufLen);
  if (!pAddrBuf) goto freelib;
  dwRetVal = pfnGetAdAddrs(AF_UNSPEC, 0, NULL, pAddrBuf, &ulOutBufLen);
  if (dwRetVal != ERROR_SUCCESS) goto freemem;
  for (pAddr = pAddrBuf; pAddr; pAddr = pAddr->Next)
    for (pDnsAddr = pAddr->FirstDnsServerAddress;
       pDnsAddr;
       pDnsAddr = pDnsAddr->Next)
      dns_add_serv_s(ctx, pDnsAddr->Address.lpSockaddr);
  ret = 0;
freemem:
  free(pAddrBuf);
freelib:
  FreeLibrary(h_iphlpapi);
  return ret;
}

#else /* NO_IPHLPAPI */

#define dns_initns_iphlpapi(ctx) (-1)

#endif /* NO_IPHLPAPI */

static int dns_initns_registry(struct dns_ctx *ctx) {
  LONG res;
  HKEY hk;
  DWORD type = REG_EXPAND_SZ | REG_SZ;
  DWORD len;
  char valBuf[1024];

#define REGKEY_WINNT "SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\Tcpip\\Parameters"
#define REGKEY_WIN9x "SYSTEM\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\VxD\\MSTCP"
  res = RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, REGKEY_WINNT, 0, KEY_QUERY_VALUE, &hk);
  if (res != ERROR_SUCCESS)
    res = RegOpenKeyEx(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, REGKEY_WIN9x,
                       0, KEY_QUERY_VALUE, &hk);
  if (res != ERROR_SUCCESS)
    return -1;
  len = sizeof(valBuf) - 1;
  res = RegQueryValueEx(hk, "NameServer", NULL, &type, (BYTE*)valBuf, &len);
  if (res != ERROR_SUCCESS || !len || !valBuf[0]) {
    len = sizeof(valBuf) - 1;
    res = RegQueryValueEx(hk, "DhcpNameServer", NULL, &type,
                          (BYTE*)valBuf, &len);
  }
  RegCloseKey(hk);
  if (res != ERROR_SUCCESS || !len || !valBuf[0])
    return -1;
  valBuf[len] = '\0';
  /* nameservers are stored as a whitespace-seperate list:
   * "192.168.1.1 123.21.32.12" */
  dns_set_serv_internal(ctx, valBuf);
  return 0;
}

#else /* !WINDOWS */

static int dns_init_resolvconf(struct dns_ctx *ctx) {
  char *v;
  char buf[2049]; /* this buffer is used to hold /etc/resolv.conf */
  int has_srch = 0;

  /* read resolv.conf... */
  { int fd = open("/etc/resolv.conf", O_RDONLY);
    if (fd >= 0) {
      int l = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf) - 1);
      close(fd);
      buf[l < 0 ? 0 : l] = '\0';
    }
    else
      buf[0] = '\0';
  }
  if (buf[0]) {   /* ...and parse it */
    char *line, *nextline;
    line = buf;
    do {
      nextline = strchr(line, '\n');
      if (nextline) *nextline++ = '\0';
      v = line;
      while(*v && !ISSPACE(*v)) ++v;
      if (!*v) continue;
      *v++ = '\0';
      while(ISSPACE(*v)) ++v;
      if (!*v) continue;
      if (strcmp(line, "domain") == 0) {
        dns_set_srch_internal(ctx, strtok(v, space));
      has_srch = 1;
      }
      else if (strcmp(line, "search") == 0) {
        dns_set_srch_internal(ctx, v);
      has_srch = 1;
      }
      else if (strcmp(line, "nameserver") == 0)
        dns_add_serv(ctx, strtok(v, space));
      else if (strcmp(line, "options") == 0)
        dns_set_opts(ctx, v);
    } while((line = nextline) != NULL);
  }

  buf[sizeof(buf)-1] = '\0';

  /* get list of nameservers from env. vars. */
  if ((v = getenv("NSCACHEIP")) != NULL ||
      (v = getenv("NAMESERVERS")) != NULL) {
    strncpy(buf, v, sizeof(buf) - 1);
    dns_set_serv_internal(ctx, buf);
  }
  /* if $LOCALDOMAIN is set, use it for search list */
  if ((v = getenv("LOCALDOMAIN")) != NULL) {
    strncpy(buf, v, sizeof(buf) - 1);
    dns_set_srch_internal(ctx, buf);
    has_srch = 1;
  }
  if ((v = getenv("RES_OPTIONS")) != NULL)
    dns_set_opts(ctx, v);

  /* if still no search list, use local domain name */
  if (has_srch &&
      gethostname(buf, sizeof(buf) - 1) == 0 &&
      (v = strchr(buf, '.')) != NULL &&
      *++v != '\0')
    dns_add_srch(ctx, v);

  return 0;
}

#endif /* !WINDOWS */

int dns_init(struct dns_ctx *ctx, int do_open) {
  if (!ctx)
    ctx = &dns_defctx;
  dns_reset(ctx);

#ifdef WINDOWS
  if (dns_initns_iphlpapi(ctx) != 0)
    dns_initns_registry(ctx);
  /*XXX WINDOWS: probably good to get default domain and search list too...
   * And options.  Something is in registry. */
  /*XXX WINDOWS: maybe environment variables are also useful? */
#else
  dns_init_resolvconf(ctx);
#endif

  return do_open ? dns_open(ctx) : 0;
}

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